Warming is an essential and common technique performed before starting the session of any type of sports training. The intensity and form of development of the warming will depend on the type of sport you want to practice, environmental conditions and readiness of the athlete.
If we want to get the most efficiency of our body to face the effort we make, we will need an adaptation phase, which will activate a series of mechanisms of cardiac adaptation, muscular, circulatory, nervous and respiratory that will allow us to be efficient.
THE EFFECTS AND BENEFITS OF WARMING:
- Increase the capacity of muscular contractility: the first effect of warming is a growth of the blood flow towards the muscles that make the effort. This is very important, since the first consequence is the temperature increases of the exercised muscle group, obtaining higher intramuscular viscosity, which reduces friction and increases elasticity. The contractile capacity of many agonist muscles is favored, facilitating the movements at great speed. And not only that, the growth of blood flow provides a greater supply of oxygen and nutrients essential for the optimal functioning of the muscle.
- Improve the level of psychomotricity: the repetition of the movements preceding the training phase itself, allows adapting the neuromuscular system to the type of load to be performed, obtaining a clear improvement in the kinetic and psychological sense, since with the repetitions the. attention grows, sensory perception and concentration, creating a state of mind necessary to sustain the subsequent physical effort.
- Prevention of Injury: the lack of warming results in a friction between the muscle fibers and a lack of coordination between the agonist and antagonist muscles which translates as the cause of the fibrillar ruptures and tendon more frequently, contractures, etc.